4G is an abbreviation of the Fourth Generation Communication System. the 4G is a Long Term Evolution network with high-speed internet connectivity. The 4G predates the 5G and succeeds the 3G system. The communication system has redefined internet speeds. The 3G’s 14 Mbps connectivity capability has risen to 100Mbps with the use of the $G technology.
Background of 4G network in Africa
Over the past twenty-seven years, Zimbabwe has seen tremendous development in the connectivity field. From entities with a measly 500 subscribers to those with over 11 million subscribers. Networking has never been easier. Technology has developed beyond wireless voice communication. Information is now freely accessed through data services.
Mobile has developed from 1G to now 4G. In the 1980s the maximum connectivity speed was 2.4Kbps. This was the era of the analogue, courtesy of the first generation communication system (1G). In the 1990s, technology had taken another major leap where voice transmission could be offered through the 2G network, consumers could now text, call, and send picture messages.
In the late 1990s, the 3G brought mobile data with it. Video calling and internet access were on the menu. As more and more people clamoured toward this newfound technology and service, the need for a better and faster network grew. Consequently, the 4 G was developed. The 4G addresses speed and Capacity. It was introduced in 2008. Operating at its frequency 4G offers turbo-boosted internet access and capability.
With a download speed of up to 100 Mbps, 4G facilitates, video conferencing, and online streaming in high definition with low latency issues. 4G is the next step in the evolution of connectivity.
Who Was the First to Launch 4G in Zimbabwe?
The 4G network found its way across the Zimbabwean borders through Econet. Econet pioneered the project with the installation of base stations mostly in congested localities. in 2016, there were only 146 4g base stations. The number grew remarkedly in 2017 to 647. The number of users is growing.